What is the background of InteLACMarket?

What caused it?

● Research shows that skilled migration from LAC countries has dramatically increased over the last decade. This can be due to the rising number of people seeking political asylum in the European Union, driven up by Latin American refugees, particularly from Venezuela.
● The rise was partly caused by a surge of Venezuelans and other Latin American asylum seekers who are fleeing political and economic crises in their countries. One potential reason for this is that traditionally, many people from LAC fleeing political regimes or gang violence, have sought refuge in the United States of America, but the Trump administration made it much more difficult for people to seek asylum, therefore many opted for Europe instead.

Numbers and Facts

● Member States of the European Free Trade Area (EFTA), which includes all the 28 EU countries, plus Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein, Venezuelans filed more than 18,400 asylum applications from January through May 2019, representing roughly twice as many as during the same period in 2018, making them the nationality with the second highest number of applications in Europe after Syrians.
● In turn, Spain has become one of the EU's top receivers of asylum applications, nearly as many as Italy, which was among the countries bearing the brunt of the 2015 crisis. Rome has seen arrivals halving last year after introducing stricter border controls.
● However, only a fraction of asylum applicants are accepted by the European States, with those rejected forced to go back home or lodge a second application. But for those who stay, many face challenges to integrate into the labour market.

What is the general situation?

● In recent years, there has been a tendency in some migration flows to target migrants for jobs requiring fewer skills. Integration into the labour market is directed mainly towards the service sector.
● The high participation rate of women in migration responds to the demands of the labour market segments that are gender-selective, such as domestic service or other types of personal services, such as caring for children or the elderly. The development of the project builds on a comprehensive analysis and needs assessment of the challenges, obstacles and opportunities of the target group to integrate the labour market.

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About the Project

What we will do?

• 4 Transnational Project Meetings to be held during the 24 months of the duration of the project (one every six months).
• 4 virtual transnational meetings.
• Each partner will deliver 6 webinars to the target group and 2 informative seminars to the general public.
• We will organise 2 Learning, Teaching and Training Activities in two partner universities. The first one for the project staff and the second for staff working in organisations that work directly with the target group. The project will also produce an academic paper.
• 4 Multiplayer events in: Spain, Belgium, Italy and Austria.

Project Results

The project’s expected outcomes involve a thorough and relevant comprehensive analysis and needs assessment of the challenges, obstacles and opportunities the target group faces in each participating country and a comparative study in order to successfully integrate to the recipient’s country labour market.

Research study and situation analysis with the target group at the centre to project a current view of the challenges and opportunities.

Using the needs assessment, training material will be developed and guidance for LAC will be offered.

Publication and dissemination of the findings, as well as a continued learning and networking online platform.

Project Partners

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